Rooftop farming, popularly known as "Kaushi Kheti" is the cultivation of different food crops in the roof of buildings which is usually done in the city areas where there is no adequate agricultural lands. Rooftop gardens provide nutritious food all around the year sufficient for both high income and low-income households.
A wide range of fruits and vegetables like spinach, cucurbits, cauliflower, citrus, tomatoes, garlic, onions, guava, strawberries, herbs and spices can be grown on vacant spaces on the rooftops.
Rooftop farming comprises of various techniques such as Aeroponic Agriculture (agriculture done in the air without soil), Hydroponic Agriculture (agriculture done in a nutrient solution without using soil) and traditional agriculture (agriculture done in soil). The plants can be kept on container pots, fish crates (foams), drums, plastic jars, bottles and plastic bags. Moreover, the whole of the floor can be filled with soil for higher density planting by waterproofing the concrete roof. For people who want a more sophisticated and well-managed rooftops gardens, Tower garden i.e, a vertical hydroponic or aeroponic growing system can be maintaine